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Collie Downstream Processing

A staged development plan and innovative downstream processing technology will enable us to rapidly respond to market needs and capture the full potential of the graphite value chain.

International Graphite is building a multi-faceted downstream processing operation at Collie, incorporating state of the art research and development facilities, to meet global demand for graphite products and maximise the value of its graphite resource.

In a staged development program, the company has achieved significant milestones, including the successful commissioning of a pilot scale micronising and spheroidising plant at Collie – the largest and most advanced facility of its kind known to be operating in Australia.

Plans are now underway to expand to product “qualification scale” equipment which will demonstrate the company’s capacity to produce micronised graphite and provide the quality control necessary to gain customer sales agreements. In March 2023, the Company released the Definitive Feasibility Study for a A$12.5 million graphite micronising facility with a nominal capacity of 4000 tpa. The commercial plant will be one of the first of its kind in Australia and is expected to be operational in Q3 2024.

The Collie facility is also the centre of International Graphite’s research and development program for battery anode material and will use third-party fine flake graphite as feedstock until the company’s Springdale graphite resource comes online, currently scheduled for 2024. In the future, it is expected that micronised and spheroidised graphite product will be further purified and coated at Collie to produce a finished battery anode material product suitable for the manufacture of lithium-ion battery anodes.

High and Ultra High Purity Micronised Graphite

The first commercial product line at Collie will be a nominal 4000 tpa micronising plant producing ultra-fine micronised graphite as an additive for industrial products. The Collie plant will receive graphite concentrates at 95% and 99% purity to produce micronised graphite at both 95% TGC and 99% TGC in different size fractions. As one of world’s most versatile manufacturing materials, micronised graphite is used for many high-demand industrial applications, such as polymers, lubricants and battery cathodes.

Research and Development

Research and development is underway at Collie to establish a new and environmentally responsive graphite purification process. The company has taken delivery of a speciality high temperature furnace and will be investigating thermal purification as an alternative to traditional alkali or acid based purification methods. The micronised and spheroidised graphite is purified to >99.95% and then coated, turning it into a smooth and highly conductive material suitable for lithium-ion battery anodes.

Micronising to Spheroidising

The Collie pilot firstly micronises the graphite concentrate, reducing it from a size of around 100 microns to a tenth of its size at around 10 microns. This is a key step in developing our capability to produce battery anode material for the growing Lithium-ion battery market.

Shaping the Particles

This image, seen through an electron microscope, shows the shape and size of the spheroidised graphite product particles. The size and well-shaped ‘potato’ particles are important characteristics in a spheroidised material for battery anode production.

Consistent Size Distribution

This graph shows the size distribution of the spheroidised pilot samples from Collie. The tight distribution, indicates consistent product sizing and is also highly desirable in a spheroidised graphite material
for battery anode production.

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International Graphite acknowledges the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia, particularly the Whadjuk, Wiilman, Kaniyang and Wadjari Peoples of the Noongar Nation, and pay our respects to Elders past and present.